The Yes, They Were BLACK Series* – Pharaoh King Senwosret III

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Here’s more proof they were black! And it can’t be disputed no matter how “they” try to cover shit up. Now for many years, centuries, paleface marveled at the feats of Kemet (ancient egypt) until they found out they were black. So that the masses would not know the true identity of the inhabitants of Kemet, they either removed the heads or disfigured the noses and the lips. Just view the pictures below and remember the face of the hellenized sphinx whose face was also destroyed to prevent public display of its true identity.

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Pharaoh King Senwosret III

As the most “visible” and perhaps most controversial pharaoh of the Middle Kingdom, many of Senwosret III’s exploits inspired the development of the Classical Greek heroicized character “Sesostris.” The adventures of this semi-mythical person are based on the deeds of Senwosret III, but the tales also include events that happened centuries after the pharaoh’s death. Regardless of later developments, Senwosret III’s rule was responsible for expanding the empire in all directions, a massive centralization of government, and a growth in trade and technology among other major social, political, and cultural changes.

Senwosret III, or Khakaure, reigned for 19 to 39 years with the exact dates difficult to establish. This was, without doubt, a very prosperous time for Egypt. Some of the earliest records of his reign are from his eighth year when the pharaoh had his master builder, Ronpetenenkh, clear a canal at the First Cataract 150 cubits long by 20 cubits wide by 15 cubits deep in order to sail his armies up the river into Nubia. Khakaure personally led his armies to many great military victories and most importantly secured the Nubian frontier up to the Second Cataract. There he established two major forts, Semneh and Kummeh, one on each side of the river. Later, the pharaoh re-extended the limits of the empire up to the Third Cataract at Kerma, which had been reached some 600 years prior but was not able to be controlled. From the trading post he had set up at Aswan and from his fort at Elephantine Island, Senwosret III held the restless Kush people at bay and eventually became a patron deity in Nubia, the land he had ruthlessly conquered. While most of Senwosret’s military activity was concentrated in the south, other monuments recorded his personal ventures east to the Red Sea and Somaliland, north to re-open the copper mines of Sinai, and west into the Libyan Desert.

Senwosret III headshotAt home Senwosret was continuing the practices initiated by his predecessors to centralize the government around his court. Although attempts were made earlier during the Middle Kingdom to reduce the power of the Nomarchs, it was this pharaoh that was responsible for instituting the practices that usurped their remaining power. Senwosret required the male children of Nomarchs to be educated at Lisht and then serve the state somewhere detached from their homeland. Nearly all of the Nomarchs were personally appointed by the pharaoh and many of their traditional titles disappeared from the archaeological record. Practices such as those mentioned above crippled the succession of the powerful familial Nomarchs.

Because of the influx in the population of the capital, more positions became necessary to teach the Nomarch’s children and to keep them employed afterward. It is not surprising that during Senwosret reign numerous Old Kingdom titles were brought back and even more new titles were created. In order to centralize and keep the powerbase of the state within his court, Senwosret inadvertently created a bureaucracy like never seen before, including the bureaus of Upper Egypt, Lower Egypt, treasury, labor, military, vizier, and “bureau of the people’s giving.” Each bureau not only required a head but numerous sub-positions, thus occupying the otherwise potentially threatening nobles. All of these positions came with their inherent restrictions under the watchful eyes of pharaoh and his trusted elite, but also came with benefits. The positions expanded the middle class as quickly as they were instituted. People other than the lavish elite could then afford to prepare for the afterlife in a manner similar to that of their pharaoh. The material record from Senwosret reign confirms the participation of the middle class by the frequency of less wealthy burials. Many funerary stelae describe the nature of the deceased’s position within society and eliminate the objectivity inherent in identifying “less wealthy” burials.

Distinct trends within the culture and most visibly within architecture and funerary practices emerged based on the changing dynamics of the society. Each scholar that has researched Senwosret III has encountered statues and other stone likenesses of him that, for the first time in ancient Egypt, depicted a pharaoh with non-idealized facial features. Many of the representations of Senwosret reveal the portrait of a worldly man, not a god-incarnate. Also under Senwosret’s reforms the middle class began to actively participate in the “cult of Osiris” and the belief of the existence of a “ba” or spiritual force that had formerly been strictly reserved for the pharaohs. Although not certain, this also appears to be the time when the mummiform coffin was introduced; whether this was directly associated with the status of the state, however, is not known.

senusret IIISenwosret III had only one son, Amenemhat III. Building on the vast successes of his father, Amenemhat III reigned for approximately 46 years, bringing peace and cultural expansion to his land. No records of military activity during Amenemhat’s reign are known and it is safe to assume that the active military under his father was largely responsible for preparing the Kingdom for a lengthy period of peace. During this time the pharaoh occupied his people with numerous additions to temples and fortresses to shore up their borders. He also had turquoise and copper mines of the Sinai worked heavily. Towards the end of Amenemhat’s reign there were several years of low floods on the Nile, which stressed the state’s economy. The end of Amenemhat III’s reign marked the beginning of the decline of the 12th Dynasty and the Middle Kingdom.

Amenemhat IV, who followed Amenemhat III, may or may not have been his son. Regardless, the new pharaoh ruled for only nine years before his death, in which no major events affecting the Kingdom or Dynasty are known to have taken place. He was succeeded by Queen Sobekneferu who may have been his sister and was probably also his wife. Her four-year-rule seemed to be effective and legitimate, as she is listed in the Turin Canon, but nonetheless she was the last ruler of the 12th Dynasty.

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